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Reduce Grounding System Resistance To Test Ground Rod

Update:25 Dec 2018

The function of any ground rod is to dissipate the curr […]

The function of any ground rod is to dissipate the current that is recovered in any faulty electrical circuit near your house to the earth surrounding the ground rod. If you do not have one already, you can easily install a ground rod for your home. The rule is that the lower the resistance it has, the better job it does.


Make sure the grounding system connections are secure. If you don't get a satisfactory ground reading, check your grounding system for problems. Make sure the clamp that connects the ground rod and the grounding circuit conductor is very tight. Also ensure that the ground electrode conductor is solidly connected to the grounding bar in the electrical panel.


Most electrical systems also have secondary grounding means, such as the grounding bar being connected to a cold water pipe that goes into the ground. Make sure that the secondary grounding means is also securely connected.


Install a new ground rod in a different location. In some instances, ground rods can be installed in areas where the earth has a lot of resistance. For instance, if a ground rod is driven into a very rocky and dry area it may not conduct electricity into the ground well. If this is the case for your ground rod, the best solution is to drive a different rod into a different location.


This may not require you to put a ground rod a long distance away from the original rod. Even a few feet can make a difference for the ground resistance.


Install a second ground rod. If you have too much resistance in your initial ground rod, you can connect a second one in series to reduce the overall resistance. This will ensure that any ground fault will be able to go to ground easily.


Your second ground rod should be located at a distance that is equal to the length of your ground rod. For example, if your first ground rod is 8 feet (2.4 m) long, your second ground rod should be located 8 feet (2.4 m) from the first ground rod.